Why the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu was built?
It is one of the most important mysteries of Machu Picchu Why ?, was built to answer it we have to be aware that there are several hypotheses of several archaeologists, here mention some of them:
Luis Guillermo Lumbreras, Peruvian archaeologist and researcher of the Inca culture maintains that Machu Picchu was built as a mausoleum for the great Inca Pachacutec, Lumbreras follows:
"We believe, and the documents of the sixteenth century they reveal, it was a shrine to the dead. Especially to a standstill: Pachacutec, the great ruler who built the place. Chronic argue that there was a main crypt that held the mummy was then taken by the Spanish in Lima. We hold this, also because there are five other crypts [no graves], five places where he has excavated in the rocks and has been enabled to save space mummies. "
Archaeologist Federico Kauffman argues that the construction of Machu Picchu was not a mausoleum but rather as a center of Inca administration, which seeks to expand the crops of the Inca Empire, Kauffman says the following:
"There is talk that Machu Picchu was a palace that commanded to raise Pachacutec. That theory puzzles me, is surely collecting documents of the seventeenth century when it is said that all buildings are palaces ... the Incas had no palaces, but management centers. These, in turn, were sites of worship. For me, Machu Picchu was built, like other small centers throughout the region under a state project of the Incas to expand its land border search Incas. This power to enrich the people of the Andes, to provide the livelihood. So it was a center of administration for food production, in addition to headquarters cults and ceremonies intended to bring good harvests and exorcise the bad weather as El Niño, for example. It was an interesting experiment, one that occurred at the last minute. "
Moreover Fernando Astete, head of Machu Picchu National Park maintains that Machu Picchu was created as an imperial link between the mountains and the high jungle of Tahuantinsuyo, this is what follows:
"It was a religious, political and administrative center. That's what today would be a provincial capital, whose function was to manage a large territory. He was the link between the Andes and all that is the high jungle. The site was chosen because of the wide variety of elements that were around. Thus it saw tubers and meat from South American camelids were exchanged. The forest gave coca chonta medicinal plants. In addition to Machu Picchu coming six to eight paths, it is a nexus. Thus, we oppose theories of American archaeologists say was the 'Camp David' [rest area US president] of Pachacutec, that is, their place of entertainment ".
Meanwhile Mariana Mould de Pease, a historian of cultural preservation of Peru; Zapata and Julinho archaeologist and anthropologist building Machu Picchu was more related to the religion of the Inca Empire.