Recalling the history and achievements of Machu Picchu to be 32 years of heritage
1438-1534 (Inca times)
The Inca Pachacuteq during his administration of the empire and its inevitable expansion into the territories of Vilcabamba, was impressed by geography the valley conquered showed, so ordered to build a place where he could vacation in addition to use as a religious complex, it is believed that its population did not exceed the actual 1000 population possibly belonging to panaca (nobility) of Inca Pachacuteq.
1534-1572 (transitional period)
The Inca Civil War in 1531 and 1533 and the arrival of the Spaniards greatly affected the grandeur of Machu Picchu, the villagers who had great gifts to work in gold and stone, which had previously been conquered by the Incas, taking the fall empire, returned to their places of origin, then the resistance formed by Manco Inca in 1536, testify the presence of close to form his court in exile in Vilcabamba nobles, and that's where presumably left the city.
1572-1582 (between the colony and the Republican era)
After the fall of the kingdom of Vilcabamba, and the consolidation of the Spanish conquistadors, the Citadel and abandoned Machu Picchu he remained under the power of various haciendas, and only used as agricultural land and was gradually moving away because roads linking the colony no longer went even close to the hitherto unknown Machu Picchu stay is as follows.
1865-1880 (First comebacks)
- 1865 the Italian naturalist Antonio Raimondi described the citadel as a sparsely populated area and passes without giving more importance.
- 1867 and 1870 the businessman Augusto Berns founded "Compania Anonima Explotadora of the Temples of the Inca", who, with permission of the government of Jose Balta, exploits the sanctuary for later sale to European and American collectors.
- 1870 American Harry Singer placed first mountain of Machu Picchu in a map.
- 1874 the German Herman Gohring, placed on a map and located at Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu in the exact place.
- 1880 French explorer Charles Wiener confirms the existence of an archaeological site in the hills of Machu Picchu, brought there by comments from villagers, which suggests that their existence and great Inca value was not lost in time.
1894-1911 (Rediscovery of Machu Picchu)
Early studies Agustin Lizarraga lead us to a Cusqueño than 1902 visited the site along with fellow Cusqueños: Gabino Sanchez and Enrique Palma Justo Ochoa, who left their names on one of the walls of the Temple of the Three Windows; although Lizarraga had carried Luis Béjar in 1894, even today it is not known what was the reason for the expeditions.
On July 4, 1911, Hiram Bingham an American professor accompanied by a lessee of land Melchor Arteaga and Sergeant Last Carrasco reach Machu Picchu, through some comments I hear from Lizarraga, seeing Bingham that was something more than a town center, decides to seek help from Yale University, the National Geographic Society and the Peruvian government to initiate as soon as possible the respective scientific studies, the work lasted until 1945 period when all the weeds cleared and tombs were excavated, general knowledge of Machu Picchu began in 1913 after the publication of an article in the world National Geographic magazine, and although it is clear that Bingham was not the discoverer of Machu Picchu, is given credit for having been who initiated the multidisciplinary studies of the site and put in value.
1915 shows the world Machu Picchu.
1924 and 1928 Martín Chambi and Juan Manuel Figueroa made a series of photographs of Machu Picchu and then be published in different Peruvian magazines to be promoted, so that since 1948 with the creation of a dirt road from the train station to the archaeological site, Machu Picchu is back in Peru's main tourist destination, yet it was not known why he had built a citadel so far from the capital, which led to researchers around the world as scientists, archaeologists, historians, astronomers and anthropologists; in addition:
- 1983 was declared a UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage, naming it "Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu."
- 2000 A brewing company breaks a corner of the Intihuatana trying to make an advertisement.
- 2006 The Peruvian Congress began the process of repatriation of artifacts from Machu Picchu to Yale University consisting of 46332 pieces.
- 2007 Machu Picchu is declared one of the new seven wonders of the modern world in a holding more than one hundred million (100'000,000) of voters in the world.
- 2011 the repatriation process from Yale University, who says that returned 4,000 pieces starts.
- 2012 Machu Picchu wins the award for Best Green Destiny World awarded by the World Travel Awards, known as "the Oscars of Tourism"
- 2015 is nominated for prestigious award from National Geographic Traveller in the category of best tourist destination in America.
Undoubtedly Machu Picchu is one of the most fascinating places in the world, not only for its monumental architecture but also because it represents one of the great cultures of America and the world, the Inca culture.
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